Home

How are bulls treated In bull riding

While the rope is held tight, the bull rider will then rub the rope with their riding hand that has the glove on it. The bull rider is warming up that rosin by rubbing it, making the rope nice and sticky to help avoid their hand popping out of the bull rope's handle during the ride possibly causing a disqualification No the bulls are not hurt in any way in bullriding. These bulls are treated very well they are worth alot of money sometimes as much as $250,000 and the stock contractors who make a living with bringing these athletes to rodeos and bullridings take the very best care of them. The flank strap does not touch their genitals at all. That is a huge myth If the rider touches the bull, the rope, or himself with his free arm, he'll be disqualified. However, in some instances, if the rider's score is very low due to a bull's poor performance, such as the bull stumbling or running into a fence, the judges may offer the rider the option of a re-ride Bulls today are specially bred for bullfighting. They are raised on hundreds of registered bull ranches located in various parts of Mexico. Selective breeding has enabled ranchers to create a bull who will die in a manner most satisfying to the public A bull always gets a score based on how difficult he is to ride, even if the rider gets bucked off. 4. Rodeo clowns aren't just there for entertainment; their job is to protect the cowboys from.

In addition, ranchers are hesitant to physically test bulls' fighting abilities because they can fight only once; after a bull has fought, it retains instinctive memories of the fight, and its. This includes the binding of testicles, a popular lie spread by certain groups taking a stand against the sport. It includes drugging, beating or burning. Nothing at all is done to these animals to make them react in a certain way to avoid pain. After the ride is over, the bull usually stops bucking shortly after the rider's weight is gone A bull's rodeo career, on average, spans six to ten years; during which time he will have been coddled and looked after like any other professional athlete. When they are retired from the rodeo arena, their pampering regime will continue as they are turned out to pasture, so to speak, to live out the remainder of their life

After the ride, the bull is stripped of the bull rope and flank and sent down the pens to the holding area. After the rodeo is over, stock contractors will load their bulls onto the trailer and haul them back to Kenansville, where they'll rest before the next Silver Spurs Rodeo Treatment of injured bulls The nature of bull riding combined with facility limitations leads to poor emergency responses to serious injuries. In some cases, bulls who have broken their legs have been forced to walk out of the arena rather than be sedated and euthanased quickly in situ to minimise further pain and suffering

Bull Riding is a sport that can trace its roots back to ancient times with contests to tame bulls going back to the classical age with the Minoans being particular fans of this type of activity. However, the modern version of the sport has its direct roots from Mexican contests of ranching and horse skills that began to be developed in the 16th and 17th centuries In case of bull riding, the winner is declared based on the judge's score. Both the rider and the bull are awarded scores. Usually there are two judges for the game and each judge provides scores to the bull from 0 to 50 points and to the rider from 0 to 50. The combined score from each judge is considered as the final score for the rider This bull loves to jump, throwing riders off balance and spinning them to the ground in mere seconds. Asteroid as an impressive average score of more than 45 points, often boosting the scores of the lucky few that manage to stay aboard above 90 points With the sport's stock contractors, the PBR establish guidelines for the transportation of bulls to and from events, including but not limited to:Bulls ride in trailers with air-ride suspensions to reduce the risk of injury during transportation.Bulls are hauled for no more than 10 hours at a time and given an equal amount of time to rest before resuming http://travel.In each city in which an event is conducted, bulls are housed at local ranch facilities with the proper pen size and space. In the PBR, the bulls are treated with as much respect as, if not more than, the human athletes who ride them. The PBR's Animal Welfare Policy exemplifies the great regard in which everyone associated with the organization holds these athletes, as well as explains the care they receive as professional athletes

Finally, the matador (which means killer in Spanish) enters and attempts to kill the bull by stabbing him in the back with a long sword, aiming at his aorta or lungs. If that doesn't kill him, the matador uses other weapons, including daggers, to cut his spinal cord. Bulls are often left paralyzed but still conscious as their ears and tail are cut off and presented to the matador as. Bull riding is a rodeo sport that involves a rider getting on a bucking bull and attempting to stay mounted while the animal tries to buck off the rider. American bull riding has been called the most dangerous eight seconds in sports. To receive a score, the rider must stay on top of the bull for eight seconds with the use of one hand gripped on a bull rope tied behind the bull's forelegs. Touching the bull or themselves with the free hand, or failing to reach the eight-second. The strap, worn around the bull's abdomen, does cause enough discomfort to prompt the bulls to buck, but seasoned animals, who get used to bucking as soon as the chute opens, don't even notice it

Do Bulls Get Hurt In Bull Riding? - Hors

Every time a bull bucks, the contractor gets a pay check on a per-out basis that can range from $100 an out to $8,000 at the (PBR Built Ford Tough) World Finals, said Simpson, adding that bull riding has been largely unaffected by the economic downturn. Our industry hasn't been changed at all by the financial crisis, he said Recent tragedies in bull riding have highlighted the need for prospective epidemiologic investigation of injury patterns. Objective: To document the frequency, type, severity, anatomic location, and mechanism of injury to bull riders participating in professional rodeo in Canada. Design: Five-year prospective cohort study examining 4,375 competitor exposures during bull riding events at.

Are bulls hurt in bull riding? - Quor

  1. Well another day of rodeo is in the books and you are currently leading the bull riding and its time to party. So you throw on them freshly starched jeans and newly shined boots round up the boys and head to the local watering hole. The place is rockin you got a cold beer in your han
  2. Shopping. Tap to unmute. If playback doesn't begin shortly, try restarting your device. You're signed out. Videos you watch may be added to the TV's watch history and influence TV recommendations.
  3. g face-to-face with the matador. Prior to entering the ring, the bull suffers the stress of transport and may also endure branding. In the first act of the bullfight, the matador's assistants provoke the bull with large colorful capes, then the picadors (men on horseback) pierce the bull's neck with a barbed lance
  4. Never treat an aggressive bull as a pet. Most bulls do not make good pets, and should never be considered as such. Recognize that by taking responsibility of an aggressive bull, you are dealing with an animal that is ten times your size and a hundred times your strength
  5. By Kristy Koehler, April 5 2019— In the sport of professional bull riding, the bulls are viewed as athletes in their own right. The Professional Bull Riders (PBR) is an organization devoted to promoting bull riding as a standalone sport. The group recognized the popularity of bull riding during rodeos and believed it could succeed [

Bull riding has evolved into an important spectator sport, with fan clubs, Web sites, and groupies who follow parts of the tour. World's Most Famous Bulls There's this one bull,. Do bulls get hurt in bull riding? A common complaint about the sport is that pain is used to induce bulls to buck. Critics say the flank strap squeezes the bull's genitals, causing the animal to thrash and jump. However, most bulls stop bucking once the rider is no longer on the animal's back

Homosexual riding of young bulls Due to the homosexual mounting of young bulls housed together, an aggressor bull may accumulate body hair from the penmates on his penis. Continue treatment until the bull can retract the prepuce back into the sheath (Wolfe et al., 1998) 1936. Although bull riding was a popular exhibition event, it, like most other rodeo events, lacked standardized rules. That changed in 1936, with the creation of the Cowboy's Turtle Association, which came to be after cowboys protested rodeo promoter W.T. Johnson's treatment of cowboys during the Boston Garden Rodeo She. writes: Both calves were born on the same day when it was wet and cold plus windy. They were rescued to the house to be placed in front of the wall furnance which we turned up to 90 degrees

Bull riding is a challenging sport for both amateurs and professionals. They have to endure and succeed in the bull riding rodeo events. For training purposes, bull riders must find a bull who knows how to buck. Bucking is the motion done by the bull to get rid of the rider. The tournament is all about staying atop the bull for as long as possible By: Darci Miller. PUEBLO, Colo. - In bull riding, while much of the attention is on the rider, the bulls are what truly make the sport go. Nothing would be able to happen without bovine athletes. As such a critical part of the sport, bulls are treated with as much care as any other elite athlete, with strict guidelines and regulations put in place to ensure their wellbeing, and dedicated. Along the way he was buying green cross bred bulls to buck at his arena. Wheeler's arena became a mainstay in developing bulls and bull riding talent in East Texas. I counted up, there was at least 20 professional bull riders from right in this immediate area, said Wheeler in 2016. I mean, you could almost get on a bull somewhere any night Nowadays, competitive bucking bull events are a common occurrence with the bulls scored on their individual bucking ability rather than the performance of, or lack thereof, the cowboy riding them Bull riding's success is due in no small part to American Bucking Bull, Inc.'s commitment to breeding high performance bulls. Not only does a fast spinning, high kicking, belly rolling 1,500-pound animal thrill a crowd, it can also earn the rider and stock contractor big money

What You Need to Know On How To Score in Bull Ridin

A mechanical bull is essentially a saddle mounted on a motor that recreates the bucking and kicking of a bull. The purpose of riding a mechanical bull is to stay on as long as possible before being thrown. The bull is controlled by said motor and can be adjusted to any speed, making it suitable for any age or level of physical fitness But amid this concerted national rush to protect athletes, one sport stands out: bull riding. A bull rider is 10 times more likely to be seriously injured than a football player. One reason is obvious: 2,000-pound bulls have zero interest in injury prevention. Being stepped on by a bull can kill a man, and has Every bull has to be cleared by a vet before entering the ring, injured, weakened or bulls with any sort of defect will not pass this examination. The crowd expects a lively and active bull, if a bull is not charging and generally comes across as timid it is often returned to the pens by petition of the crowd and subsequently replaced by a new bull Blanco, 28, has earned nearly $216,000 from prize winnings in seven-plus years on tour with Professional Bull Riders, the premier bull riding organization that brings the toughest sport on dirt around the globe.What started as 20 riders branching away from the traditional rodeo to form the PBR has transformed into a worldwide sport, offering more than $140 million in prize money

The bull, Top Hand, owned by Bob Aber, bucked him off but Smith loved it. The ride didn't last long, but I was thrilled to get on him. Smith rode bulls at regional rodeos, winning the North Dakota Rodeo Association (NDRA) bull riding title twice (1981-82), and became a Pro Rodeo Cowboys Association (PRCA) cardholder in 1982 The bulls come from specialized farms and are raised specifically for this activity since the animal is the one that leads the way of the competitions and embodies the soul of the sport. If the animal is hurt, we are not talking about Bull Riding. 5. Did you know there is a Bull Riding World Championship I love the bulls, said Rinaldo about why he runs the TZ Bucking Bull Ranch located in Colorado with the help of his sons Tanner and Tucker. And for me, bull riding is a way of life. When I was riding bulls, I spent a lot of time hanging out with Cody Custer and a lot of other bull riders who were my buddies

The buck is simply bred into them. Professional bulls are like racehorses, descending from long lines of buckers. To help encourage kicking and to bring out a bull's full potential, a flank rope is tied around the bull's waist, just loose enough to make him think he can get it off, but tight enough to stay on Therefore just because a bull is honest and doesn't use tricks to get a rider off, he shouldn't be penalized in this category for doing things right. Having said that, there are those elements of a trip that some bulls employ that make them harder to ride than bulls that don't Professional Championship Bull Riding - 630-386-5373 for tickets and information - Bull Riding Tour. Welcome to Professional Championship Bull Riders - we are the home of the nation's premier Bull Riding Tour. Come and see the toughest cowboys take on the biggest bulls in a challenge of strength and resilience Joanne is keen to appease animal rights activists by explaining how the bulls are trained and treated. The bulls that are used in professional bull riding are trained like athletes. They're treated like racehorses or show jumping horses, I suppose that's the equivalent. So from a young age, they're trained how to buck

The Truth About Bullfighting - Farm Animals Facts & News

What I mean is that you should do everything at the practice pen the same way you will when you are at a rodeo or bull riding event. Pretend that there is something to win or lose, because there is! Here are 10 things you can do to have a better practice session: 1. Be aware of your thoughts and don't let any negative or fearful thoughts take. Dr Eyers said bull riding and rodeo events should be banned by law, as they have been in other jurisdictions. These bulls are not athletes, they don't choose to participate in these events, she.

6 things you didn't know about bull riding - Men's Journa

You'll be right in the center of the action in a highly structured rodeo bull riding school program that matches you with livestock suited to your age, athletic ability, energy, and ambitions. Start with intensive training as you learn all aspects of the sport including riding skills, dismount techniques and much, much more using state of the art bull riding training equipment At some point in the next week, two men will climb onto Bushwacker. Neither will be happy about it. Bushwacker is the most unaccommodating of the 165 bulls awaiting Pro Bull Riding's 43 top. GLENDALE, Ariz. - The world's top bull riding athletes and rankest bucking bulls in the business will make their triumphant return to Glendale's Gila River Arena March 12-14 for the PBR (Professional Bull Riders) Unleash The Beast Glendale Invitational, presented by Cooper Tires. While the typical Glendale visit is two days of nonstop action, fans will be [ Mechanical bull riding is some of the most exhilarating 30 seconds you can find around. If you've never heard about mechanical bull riding here in houston you are in for a treat! Due to the fascination that bull riding evokes, mechanical bulls have now become a party rental for quite some time There is nothing like How to Bull Ride. How to Bull Ride is the only Online Bull Riding Course on the market, and it's about time something like this was created. Why? Because my it allows people to learn how to ride bulls without the restrictions of location and time. There are plenty of excellent bull riding clinics, but they don't offer anything like this course

What Really Happens to Fighting Bulls After the Fight

  1. Now, both father and son were hooked on bull riding. It was something we were just eat up with, Page said. For the next several years, the Pages were riding bulls and buying bulls. Page said his father would buy every little snorty in the sale barn who was big enough to buck. They built an arena on the ranch
  2. Like riding Bodacious for the first time for 8 Seconds. He also wrote most of the top name bulls and then get thrown off he also Road 55 Bulls before he was thrown off the world record Terry Don West is one of the best bull riders ever give Tuff Hedeman and Lane Frost a run for their money or beat the
  3. g for Last Cowboy Standing July 26-27.For two nights, fans will experience one of the marquee stops on the PBR elite [
  4. Happy Canyon and Pendleton Round-Up Bulls/Concert Chair Kipp Curtis looks forward to having the Xtreme Bulls Tour Finale as part of its lineup of events. We are excited to host the Xtreme Bulls Tour Finale and bring the top 24 professional bull riders to the Happy Canyon Arena, Curtis said

The Truth About Why Bulls Buck at Rode

Mechanical bulls may look tame from the outside, but anyone who has ever sat atop one of the bucking broncos will know that maintaining balance is anything but easy! The ride is unrelenting and even the slightest loss of balance means that the game is up, but there are ways to master these wild bull rides. This tutorial will examine how to become a pro at rodeo bull riding Sam says that riding bulls is 30 percent physical and 70 percent mental. Although I don't think there are any confirmed statistics and percentages about how to practice religion, we all know that our thoughts control our actions. When Sam is riding bulls, he controls his body by thinking and focusing on what the bull is doing Bull riding has been around for a long time for a few hundred years. Bull riding is an exciting and an adrenaline pumping sport because of the history of bull riding, the way you are scored, and the safety of the rider and the bull. Bull riding has a long rich history, it can be traced back all the way to the early 1800's Bull riding events belong in the dark ages and we are shocked that our iconic Adelaide Entertainment Centre would showcase an event that provokes bulls' stress responses for entertainment. We want to be better than this in South Australia - as individuals and as a community, Dr Eyers said Bull No. 3 trashes glass bottles accumulated in a badly positioned garbage bin. For the final bull, I join the young guys up front. Organizers save the meanest, fastest, biggest bull of all for last

What Happens to Bulls After Their Days in the Rodeo

Running of the Bulls protest: Animal rights campaigners demonstrate in Pamplona ahead of festival. The annual bull running event and subsequent bullfight is part of the San Fermin festival which. American Bucking Bull, Incorporated. Due to the incredible popularity of the sport of professional bull riding and the many celebrity bucking bulls themselves, the PBR developed the official bucking bred cattle registry, American Bucking Bull, Inc About a dozen activists were protesting Friday night's bull-riding show at the Arena at Harbor Yard, staged by Professional Bull Riders Inc. The second and last show is scheduled for tonight. The protesters said straps tightened around the bulls' midsections and 5,000-volt shocks make the bull buck. Calling it a sport is bull, they said

The Bull's Journey: From the Ranch to the Chut

However, just like every other person, there was a point when Lance and Broken Arrow Bucking Bulls weren't known. Lance grew up competing in bull riding events, but really had no pre-existing place in the rodeo world, like myself. One day, he and a buddy decided they didn't want to ride bulls, but they wanted to raise them I have over 20 years experience riding bulls and teaching others to ride bulls. My goal is to teach bull riding in a way that is simple and effective. I want to help you become the best athlete you can be by providing the resources you need to be more confident, motivated, and successful in and out of the arena

What are the animal welfare issues associated with bull

The sport of bull riding may start drug testing some of its athletes - not the riders, the bulls. As if the four-legged beasts that weigh up to 2,200 pounds don't have enough testosterone, some bull owners allegedly are injecting the animals with anabolic steroids Bull Riding Returns to Madison Square Garden An Animal Rights Article from All-Creatures.org FROM. Friends of Animals (FOA) January 2011 The Professional Bull Riders are fully committed to ensuring the deserved health, safety and respect of each bull that enters a PBR arena Memorial Day Weekend full of action with rodeo, bull riding, live music and carnival rides! Rodeo Alaska announces that the Professional Rodeo Cowboy Association (PRCA) will make its historical debut in the Last Frontier May 29th at the Alaska State Fair Grounds located in Palmer! The Northernmost Xtreme Bulls event in America will bring the top professional bull riders in the. Bull riding, which is intentionally climbing on the back of a 2,000-pound bull, emerged from the fearless and possibly fool-hardy nature of the cowboy. The risks are obvious. Serious injury is always a possibility for those fearless enough to sit astride an animal that literally weighs a ton and is usually equipped with dangerous horns The PBR bull lives in perhaps the most coveted conditions know to the domesticated livestock animal kingdom. Ranches across California to North Carolina offer these animals massive grassy fields to roam during the off season and during the Bull Riding Season, they usually live on fresh saw dust

Bull Riding Rules: How To Ride A Bull Rules of Spor

  1. , between the 7 th and the 14 th of July, at 8 o'clock in the morning
  2. Our bull bash is an exciting event that offers an opportunity to bring the community together. Each year, Red White and Bulls hosts a bull riding fundraiser in the Crossroads Area. This year event will take place at the Victoria Community Center to support our local first responders. 30 bull riders compete for a cash prize, and you can join even if you're not a first responder
  3. Join us and our bull riding contestants for the fun and excitement of the PRCA Mr. T Xtreme Bulls! Laramie Jubilee Days and PRCA Mr. T Xtreme Bullsbringing the best of the best bull riders from all over the country to Laramie. This will be an event you won't want to misstop riders meeting top bulls for some of the best bull riding.
  4. Professional bull riding is found wherever there are bulls, which is most of the world. Top bull riders come out of the USA, Brazil, Mexico, Canada, and Australia. We travel all year around
  5. Bull riding is not like baseball, football or basketball, adds Sampson. You can pick up a stick and rock and swing and hit, you can throw a football to anybody, or go anywhere, pick up a.
  6. If you were one of the original 20 cowboys that invested $1,000 to fund the start of the Professional Bull Riding circuit 21 years ago and remained an party by investing by investing in bulls

Bull Riding - Quick Guide - Tutorialspoin

Apr 20, 2021 - Explore PJ's board Bulls on Pinterest. See more ideas about bull riders, bull riding, bucking bulls Good bull management will ensure bulls are well adjusted to their environment before mating and have been through a biosecurity quarantine. Bulls should be moved to the farm between two to three months and ten days before they are required for work. Split the bulls into teams for rotating (half resting, half working) to reduce fighting. On arrival 1. It will help you stand out from your competition, not every business can offer a mechanical bull. 2. It is going to drive more business your way and really raise your bottom line. The price of a mechanical bull - Every business has figure the cost of an item against the potential profits. With a mechanical bull the profit potential is there

The Professional Bull Rider's Toughest Bull

Sep 14, 2020 - Explore Double D's board Rough Stock ( Bulls & Horses ) on Pinterest. See more ideas about horses, bull riding, rodeo life Stock contractors usually breed and raise bulls as well provide the bulls used at rodeos and bull-riding events. The bull riders draw from a pool of bulls and ride the bull they've drawn. Four judges are usually present to score the ride, with two judging the rider and two judging the bull. Judges score the rider 1 to 25 and the bull 1 to 25 AIRDRIE, Alberta - With bull riding championships, an Olympic medal in the sport, the duties of coaching Team Canada for the PBR Global Cup, and the respect of an entire nation on his resume, Scott Schiffner is also once again the voice of TSN coverage for the 2020 PBR Canada Monster Energy Tour. With a wide sweeping career, Schiffner says being able to step into the booth and commentate the.

Are rodeo bulls treated humanely? - Quor

He rides in amateur competitions as well as professional events like the Fort Worth Stock Show & Rodeo, which was the first to include bull riding in 1933. Now the 23-day rodeo hosts bull riding every evening, including Bulls Night Out. Forty top-ranked riders compete at this two-day event, which is part of the PRCA's Xtreme Bulls Tour Pbr Riding Cowgirl Cowboy Photography Show Horses Riding Animals Professional Bull Riders Bucking Bulls Pbr Bull Riding *PBR NILE Invitational Weekend-- BILLINGS-- April 4th-6th Forty of the toughest men in the world, elite members of the Professional Bull Riders, Inc. (PBR), take on some of the most ferocious bulls in America

Animal Welfare - Professional Bull Rider

Bull riders will compete for over $15,000 in added money for this event. This Historical three-day event will be located at the Alaska State Fairgrounds in Palmer AK. Rodeo Alaska will host an all-ages, action packed Memorial Day weekend of events to include RAM Championship rodeo, The Northernmost PRCA Xtreme Bulls event in America, Live music and much more 2020 Castle Rock Bull Riding Champion Cordell Curtis. The 8th Annual Castle Rock Bull Riding Challenge was a great success!February 15th, 2020 As one of Castle Rock's premier events, it featured two great shows- a 2:00pm matinee and 7:00pm show. Presented by Branding Iron Trailer and held at the Douglas County Fairgrounds indoor arena in Castle Rock, Colorado The bull rider has the highest chance of messing up there riding arm because it is tied to the bull (Fredrikson, 1985). Bulls often attack the riders once the riders hit the ground, this presents another hazard for the cowboy especially if they have been hurt (Fredrikson, 1985)

Running of the Bulls: Bulls Tortured, Stabbed to Death PET

Entry Is a TEXT System. All Entries are texted to 501-318-7758 at the designated date and time. You MUST text the following or your entry will not be accepted. BULL RIDERS: Full Name; CBRA Member Number (if you have one, if you are a member and do not include number your entry will be taken as a non-member); Name of town or fair you are entering (We have entries for multiple events at the same. In order to reduce the amount of Pit Bulls being put down, it is imperative to look at the root of the cause. Overpopulation. Save-a-Bull equates current practices of simply pushing adoption to putting a band-aid on a gushing wound, as the key to reducing Pit Bull deaths is to slow their reproduction. The organization shares that simple math can exemplify that a single dog's two.

Don't try this at home, folksHOULA HOOP and Ryan Dirteater | PBR BUCKING BULLSbullfighting horses | In the first stage of the fight theHalcombe Norilsk: BullfightingProfessional Bull Riding: 8 Reasons You Should Attend AMy favorite bull from the PBRSpain's San Fermin bull-running festival - NY Daily NewsHello cowgirl! Meet Maggie Parker, America's ONLY
  • Utländsk pension Skatteverket.
  • Veracity 2021 prediction.
  • How to get fiat money.
  • Apotea ecotools.
  • Läsa sommarkurs.
  • Badrum dekoration vägg.
  • Buy house Sardinia.
  • HSB Bospar fonder.
  • Stocktips.
  • BDSwiss App.
  • Horeca studentenjob.
  • Linsell hus till salu.
  • 1000 Sri Lankan Rupees to SEK.
  • ZDF Info.
  • Viking Line Stockholm Mariehamn.
  • Golem migration.
  • All about trading instagram.
  • Avanza tjänstepension återbetalningsskydd.
  • LOOM Bitvavo.
  • Största techbolagen Sverige.
  • Kraken rum cocktails.
  • HSB Bospar poäng.
  • BDC loan requirements.
  • Mio sovrum inspiration.
  • Regeringen ministrar CV.
  • Sinch ägare.
  • Lund Master's programs.
  • Höganäs äldreboende corona.
  • Re benchmark NiceHash.
  • Hyra stuga Rottneros.
  • Among Us free on iPad.
  • RAGGIGT fä.
  • Genesys Cloud Disaster recovery.
  • Today twitter trading in India.
  • RVO chat.
  • Kända personer i Nederländerna 2020.
  • Alf Jönsson Region Skåne lön.
  • Norway Met Office.
  • Wirtschaft bücher, die man gelesen haben muss.
  • Angel investors UK directory.
  • Swedish Phonetics.